Transcribed by John Heseltine
From New York Times of Jan. 4, 1863
THE MURFREESBORO BATTLE.
Three Days’ Fighting and the Contest Not Yet Ended.
Tremendous Efforts of the Rebels to Crush Our Right Wing.
THEIR EFFORTS UNAVAILING.
Fierce Contest at the Centre and on the Left.
Murfreesboro IN OUR POSSESSION
The Enemy Reported to be Driven Back Two Miles on Friday.
Arrival of Reinforcements for Our Troops.
SOME OF THE LOSSES
[In consequence of several serious blunders of the telegraph, the circumstantial and graphic account of the great battles before Murfreesboro, published in Saturday’s Times was very much confused and impaired. A series of conflicts, destined to have so important a bearing on the course of the war, deserves a clear chronicle, and we republish the letter of our correspondent, with the proper corrections, today.—Ed. Times.]
Nashville, Thursday, Jan. 1, 1863.
I have just arrived from a terrific battle on Stone’s River, in front of Murfreesboro, west side. It has raged with unremitting fury two days, and at last report was not yet decided. It is one of the most furious battles of modern times, sustained by both sides with splendid determination.
Gen. Rosecrans marched from Nashville last Friday with about 45,000 effective men and 100 pieces of artillery, and skirmished all the way to the battlefield, the enemy resisting bitterly.
The whole of Tuesday was spent by our forces reconnoitering.
The enemy was found strongly posted with artillery on the bank of Stone’s River, west side, his flanks resting on Murfreesboro, west side. The centre also had the advantage on high ground, with a dense growth of cedar screening them completely. Their position gave them the advantage of a cross fire.
Gen. McCook’s corps closed in on their left on Wilkinson’s Pike; Negley of Thomas’s corps, worked with great difficulty to the front of the rebel centre, Rousseau’s Division being in reserve. Crittenden’s corps was posted in comparatively clear ground on our left; Palmer’s and Van Cleve’s Divisions in front; Wood’s in reserve.
A battle was expected all day on Tuesday, but the enemy merely skirmished and three a few shells, one of which killed Orderly McDonald, Fourth United States Cavalry, not ten feet from Gen. Rosecrans. That afternoon the Pennsylvania Cavalry, on McCook’s flanks, was drawn into an ambuscade, and its two Majors, Rosegarten and War, were killed. Crittenden’s Corps lost four killed and 21 wounded that day, including Adjt. Elliott, of the Fifty-seventh Indiana, severely. McCook’s loss was about 50.
On the same day the rebel cavalry made a dash in the rear, on Lavergne, burned a few wagons and captured 35 prisoners.
That night dispositions were made to attack the enemy in the morning. After dark the enemy was reported massing near McCook, obviously to turn our right wing.
This corresponded with the wishes of Gen. Rosecrans, who instructed Gen. McCook to hold him in check stubbornly, while the left wing should be thrown into Murfreesboro behind the enemy.
At daybreak on the last day of December everything appeared working well. The battle had opened on the right, and our left wing was on hand.
At 7 o’clock ominous sounds indicated that a fire was approaching our left. Aids (sic) were dispatched for information, and found the forests full of flying negroes and straggling soldiers, who reported whole regiments falling back.
Meanwhile one of McCook’s aids (sic) had announced to Gen. Rosecrans that Gen. Johnston (sic) had permitted the three batteries of his division to be captured by a sudden attack of the enemy and that it had somewhat demoralized our troops was obvious.
The brave Gen. Sill, one of our best officers, was killed; Gen. Kirk wounded, and Gen. Willich killed or missing, besides other valuable officers wounded.
Gen. Rosecrans sent Gen. McCook word to hold the front, and he would help him; that it would all work right.
He now galloped to the front of Gen. Crittenden on the left with his Staff, to order the line of battle, when the enemy opened a full battery, and emptied the saddles of the escort.
Van Cleve’s Division was sent to the right, and Col. Beatty’s Brigade in front.
The fire continued to approach on the right with alarming rapidity, extending to the centre, and it was clear that the right was doubling upon the left. Then enemy had compelled us to make a complete change of front on that wing, and were pressing the centre.
Gen. Rosecrans, with splendid daring, dashed into the furious fire, and sending his staff along the lines, started Beatty’s Brigade forward. Some six batteries opened, and sustaining a magnificent fire, directly a tremendous shout was raised along the whole line, and the enemy began to fall back rapidly.
The General urged the troops forward. The rebels, terribly punished, were driven back fully a mile. The same splendid bravery was displayed in the lines and advance, though the enemy made formidable demonstrations on our left, while they prepared for another onslaught on our right.
Meantime, orders had been issued to move our left upon the enemy, but before they had time to execute thew plan they burst upon our centre with awful fury, and it began to break. Rousseau’s Division was carried into the breach magnificently by their glorious leader.
The enemy again retreated into the dark cedar thickets. Again they essayed our right, and again they were driven back. By this time the number of our stragglers was formidable, and the prospect was discouraging; but there was no panic.
The General, confident of success, continued to visit other parts of the field, and, with the aid of Gens. Thomas, McCook, Crittenden, Rousseau, Negley and Wood, the tide of battle was turned early in the day.
About 2 o’clock the battle had shifted again from right to left. The enemy discovering the impossibility of succeeding in their main design, had suddenly massed their forces on the left, crossing the river, or moving under cover of bluffs on the right, and for about two hours the fight raged with unremitting fury, to the advantage of the enemy for a considerable length of time, when they were checked by our murderous fire, of both musketry and artillery.
The scene at this point was magnificently terrible. The whole battle was in full view. The enemy deploying right and left, bringing up their batteries in fine style, our own vomiting smoke and iron missiles upon them with awful fury, and our gallant fellows moving to the front with unflinching courage, and lying flat upon their faces to escape the rebel fire until the moment for action.
Shell and shot fell around like hail. Gen. Rosecrans was himself incessantly exposed. It is wonderful that he escaped. His Chief of Staff, the noble Lieut.-Col. Garesche, had his head taken off b a round shot, and the blood bespattered the General ad some of the Staff. Lieut. Lylan Kirk, just behind him, was lifted clear out of his saddle by a bullet, which shattered his left arm.
Three orderlies and gallant Sergeant Richmond, of the Fourth United States Cavalry, were killed, not ten feet from him, and five or six horses in the Staff escort were struck.
Between five and six o’clock, the enemy, apparently exhausted by his rapid and incessant assaults, took up a position not assailable without abundant artillery, and the fire on both sides slackened, and finally silenced at dark. The battle having raged eleven hours the loss of life on our side being considerable, and the terrific nature of the field comparatively limited.
Our casualty list that day, excluding captures, did not exceed perhaps 1,500, of who not more than one-fourth were killed. This is attributable to the care taken to make our men lie down. Then enemy’s loss must have been more severe. But among our losses we mourn such noble souls as Gen. Sill, Gen. August Willich, Col. Garesche, Col. Miner Milliken, First Ohio Cavalry; Col. Hawkins, Thirteenth Ohio; Col. McKee, Third Kentucky; Col. Forman, Fifteenth Kentucky; Col. Kit (unreadable) and Second Lieut.-Col. Shepherd, Eighteenth Regulars; Maj. Carpenter, Tenth (sic) Regulars; Capt. Edgerton, First Ohio Battery, and his two Lieutenants, and many more. No other Generals were hurt. (Note: Col. Kit (unreadable) and Second should probably read Col. Kell, Second Ohio.)
Among our wounded are Gen. Kirk, Gen. Van Cleve (so reported); Col. Moody, Seventy-Fourth Ohio, who established a splendid reputation; Col. Laraby, Ninety-Ninth Ohio; King, Fifteenth Regulars; Majors Foot, Rieker, Slemmer, Eleventh Regulars; Capts. Bell, Wise, Barry, McDonnell, Power, and York, and Lieut. McAllister, Fifteenth Regulars; Maj. Townsen (sic), Eighteenth Regulars; Capt. Long, Fourth Regulars Cavalry; Lieut. McClellan, Miller, and Foster, Twenty-Seventh Ohio.
When the battle closed, the enemy occupied the ground which was ours in the morning, and the advantage was theirs. Their object in attacking us was to cut us off from Nashville. They played their old game. If McCook’s force had held more firmly against Hardee’s corps and Cheatham’s Division, Rosecrans’ plan of battle would have succeeded.
At dark they had a heavy force on our right, leading us to the belief that they intended to pursue. Their cavalry, meantime, was excessively troublesome, cutting deeply into our trains behind us, and we had not cavalry enough to protect ourselves.
The Fourth Regulars made one splendid dash at them, capturing sixty-seven, and releasing three hundred prisoners they had taken from us, recapturing five hundred prisoners of the enemy.
Gen. Rosecrans determined to begin the attack this morning, and opened furiously with our left at dawn. The enemy, however, would not retire from our right, and the battle worked that way. At 11 o’clock matters were not flattering on either side.
At 12 our batteries received new supplies of ammunition, were massed, and a terrible fire was opened. The enemy began to give way, Gen. Thomas pressing on their centre and Crittenden advancing on their right. The battle was more severe at that hour than it had been, and the result was yet doubtful.
Both sides were uneasy, but determined. Gen. Rosecrans feels its importance fully. If he is defeated he will be defeated badly, because he will fight as long as he has a brigade. If he is victorious the enemy will be destroyed.
The enemy seemed fully as numerous as we. They did not use as much artillery. Gens. Joe Johnston and Bragg were in command. Prisoners say they lost largely. Gen. McCook was brave to a fault, and self-possessed. He narrowly escaped death many times. His horse was killed under him, and he was severely hurt by his horse falling under him.
11:15 A.M.—No later tidings of to-day’s battle. The rebels are destroying our wagon train on Murfreesboro’ pike. To-night additional casualties have been received as follows:
Killed.—Col. Stein, One Hundred and First Ohio; Lieut.-Col. McKee, Fifteenth Wisconsin; Col. Almonde, Twenty-first Illinois; Col. Roberts, Forty-second Illinois; Col. Walker, Thirty-first Ohio, Cavalry Brigade; Col. Harrington, Twenty-seventh Illinois; Capt. John Johnson, Fifteenth Wisconsin.
Wounded.—Gen. Rosseau (sic), slightly; Gen. Wood, severely; Lieut.-Colonel 101st Ohio, badly; ---Carlin, 38th Illinois, commanding brigade; Capt. Oscar F. Mack, Acting Inspector-General of Thomas’ Staff, severely; Capt. Douglas, 18th Regulars.
PARTICULARS FROM THE BATTLE-FIELD
In the absence of later intelligence from Murfreesboro, we subjoin the special dispatches to the Philadelphia Press, of yesterday. They furnish some items of interest, although the statements made do not fully coincide with other reports:
Battle-Field, Wednesday, Dec. 31.
Then enemy during yesterday harassed our rear with their cavalry, and captured some of our wounded men near Nolinsville. Rebel guerrilla bands attacked and burned our army wagons, ambulances, &c., and acted most outrageously, throwing the sick and wounded into the roads to die. Another supply train has been captured on the Louisville Railroad by guerrillas. The enemy attacked us in force a second time to-day. The Second Division bore the brunt of the battle. Gen. Kirk was killed during the attack. Then enemy worsted us terribly at first. Gen. Sill was killed, and Gen. Willich wounded severely.
The Seventy-seventh Pennsylvania Regiment was captured, and the Sixth badly cutup. Many officers were killed or wounded.
We lost twelve guns from two divisions, and had twelve wagons of hospital stores destroyed. Our army was driven back four miles.
In the morning the whole army went through heavy skirmishing, on the march, with a loss of one hundred men, we taking six hundred prisoners and a battery. A large supply train was captured yesterday by a rebel brigade.
Battle-Field near Murfreesboro,
Wednesday, Dec. 31—1 P. M.
The great battle of the war in the Southwest is now being fought here. It is raging furiously as I write. The entire line has suffered terribly this morning, and the loss on both sides has been heavy. The rebels held an advantage in position this morning, but are now suffering terribly under the galling fire of our destructive artillery, which was got into good position about noon to-day.
The forlorn hope of this army, comprising four regiments of Regular Infantry, (including the Eighteenth Regulars, 2,200 strong,) and two batteries, lost all of their field officers, two-thirds of their line officers, and half of the enlisted men killed and wounded.
The Anderson Troop, (a Philadelphia regiment,) of Col. Wynkoop’s Light Cavalry Brigade, also suffered severely. Majs. Rosngarten and Ward were both killed during a charge. The cavalry behaved and manoeuvred (sic) under fire with the steadiness of veteran regular dragoons, and much of our success is due to this.
Gen. Rousseau was wounded at the head of his splendid division, after making two bayonet charges, and fighting for nearly five hours. Gen. Stanley is seriously wounded in the leg. Gen. Palmer is dangerously wounded.
Battle Field, Wednesday, Dec. 31—2 ½ P. M.
I have just returned from the front again, where Gen. Rosecrans is directing the gigantic field operations of the day in person.
Gen. Joseph Johnston directs the movements of the enemy in person.
About 1 o’clock Gen. Thomas threw his entire corps d’armee against the centre of the enemy’s forces, and breaking it, drove it back over a mile in great confusion. Rebels, killed and wounded, lay in heaps upon this ground.
Gen. Rosecrans then ordered an advance of the entire line of his army in support of Gen. Thomas, and we soon engaged the enemy at close quarters for the first time in the history of the rebellion. At one time Gen. Rosecrans observed his troops wavering, when he dashed rapidly to the front, followed by his Staff. This coup created a tremendous enthusiasm among the soldiers, who rallied at every point, and drove the enemy for some distance with excellent results. Two of Gen. Rosecrans’ Aids (sic) were killed at the time by the explosion of a shell.
Gen. Negley’s division, with its excellent artillery, is causing great destruction among the rebels on the left of centre.
Gen. Crittenden, with his corps d’armee, forming the left wing of our army, has gained the enemy’s entrenchments, and is driving the rebels through the town, which is now in plain view before us.
The loss on either side has been very heavy. We have taken nearly 3,000 prisoners, and our loss is not near so heavy as that of the rebels. We are following the enemy up, and will drive him into Alabama before we give him any rest.
Gen. Cheatham, the greatest blower, and Gen. Rains, of Arkansas, the handsomest man in the rebel army, are both killed and their bodies are in our possession. We have taken over fifty guns and seven stands of State colors.
Battle-Field near Murfreesboro, Jan. 1.
This has been a tremendously bloody battle indeed. The enemy attacked us at daylight yesterday morning, believing us to be terribly crippled. Our right wing was hardly pressed, and fearfully cut up. The Pennsylvania troops all fought splendidly. Negley’s and Rousseau’s Divisions drove the enemy at every point before them.
The enemy at one time completely flanked our right, which was reinforced and regained its position. We gained no great advantage until yesterday afternoon. The fight lasted until 10 o’clock last night. It was renewed at 3 o’clock this morning, as amusement for New Year’s Day.
Several batteries were lost and recaptured by our regulars.
A panic reigned at one time, owing to a demonstration made in our rear by the enemy.
Battle-Field near Murfreesboro, Friday, Jan. 2—P. M.
Our army bivouacked on the same ground last night as that occupied by our forces on the night of the 31st ult. Our army gained some advantages in the battle of yesterday, but not without terrible carnage.
The loss on both sides can only be described as absolutely tremendous.
Gen. Negley fought his Division all day yesterday splendidly, and lost very heavily in men, but saved his artillery. Gen. Rousseau immortalized himself long before he fell severely wounded. He is set down as one of the great heroes of the battle. The enemy was heavily reinforced from some direction last night.
Maj. Gen. McCook had his horse blown to atoms by a shell yesterday afternoon, and although severely bruised, soon remounted and rode to the front of his gallant division.
Gen. Rosecrans, everywhere ad at all times, exhibited great coolness and moral courage, exposing himself continually at critical periods. He gave orders incessantly, in a firm manner. The fight was renewed this morning with great ferocity. Gen. Rosecrans collected his scattered troops and reorganized them last night.
To-day we have driven the enemy nearly two miles. The reserve brigades are getting into line as I write. Reinforcements are arriving, and Gen. Rosecrans is determined to destroy the rebels at any cost.
All the houses in Murfreesboro and the neighboring villages are occupied as hospitals. We are sending many wounded men to Nashville by rail. Our arrangements for the care of the wounded are being completed, and every effort is made to make the sufferers as comfortable as possible.
Philadelphia may well be proud of the Anderson Cavalry. The men and officers have covered themselves with glory.
The following is a list of the killed in the Anderson Cavalry: Sergeant Kimber, Alexander Drake, F. Herring, A. R. Kendrick, A. W. Chase. I will send more names as I obtain them.
THE VERY LATEST.
A Great Victory Won by Gen. Rosecrans.
Terrible Slaughter and Rout of the Rebels.
BRAGG REPORTED KILLED.
Louisville, Ky., Saturday, Jan. 3.
Telegraphic communications is restored between here and Nashville.
It is reported that Gen. Bragg was killed to-day.
There has been fighting all day, but no particulars are given.
Our forces are advancing, and the rebels are falling back across Stone’s River.
The following officers are wounded slightly:
Col. Black, of the Fortieth Indiana.
It has been raining heavily all day in the vicinity of the battle-field.
There was heavy cannonading to-day until noon, when the rebels attacked our left wing and were terribly repulsed.
There was very little fighting yesterday.
Our forces do not yet occupy Murfreesboro.
The rebels attacked and destroyed our hospital buildings on Thursday.
The rebels are being strongly reinforced from the rebel army at Richmond.
There was a spirited engagement at Lavergne today between the Mechanics and Engineers under Col. Innis, and Gen. Whraton’s (sic) rebel Cavalry. The latter was routed with the loss of thirty-three killed.
All “contrabands” captured by the rebels on the Federal wagon trains are immediately shot. Twenty thus killed are lying on the Murfreesboro Pike.
Maj. Slemmer and Capt. King, who were being conveyed away wounded from the battle-field in an ambulance, were captured by the rebels, taken four miles away and then paroled and thrown out on the road.
Gen. Willich is not killed, but is wounded, and a prisoner.
Yesterday, Gen. Rosecrans personally took command of the Fourth United States Cavalry, and attacked Gen. Wheeler’s rebel cavalry, who were cut to pieces and utterly routed.
Capt. Mack, Chief of artillery and on Gen. Thomas Staff is mortally wounded.
A despatch (sic) from Col. Anderson to Headquarters here says:
“We have whipped the rebels decidedly, and are at Christiana, nine miles South of Murfreesboro on the railroad.”
Nashville, Tenn., Saturday, Jan. 3.
Col. McKee is reported killed. Our loss of officers is heartrending.
The fighting to-day has been light. It closed last evening with terrible slaughter of the enemy.
Nashville, Tenn., Saturday, Jan. 3—5 P. M.
The first day’s fighting was all our own way, but the right wing of our army fought itself into a bad position.
The third day we repulsed the rebels with terrible slaughter, ourselves sustaining but slight loss.
NOTES—listed in order of appearance within the New York Times article.
Rosecrans, William S., (1819-1898) Union major general, commanded Army of the Cumberland.
McCook, Alexander McD. (1831-1903) Union major general, commanded Right Wing of Army of the Cumberland. (Wings is the correct terminology but are routinely referred to as corps in the article.)
Negley, James S. (1826-1901) Union major general, commanded a division in the Army of the Cumberland.
Rousseau, Lovell H. (1818-1869) Union major general, commanded a division in the Army of the Cumberland. (listed in the newspaper article as severely wounded, but Rousseau makes no mention of being wounded in his report of the battle.)
Crittenden, Thomas L. (1815-1893), Union major general, commanded the Left Wing of the Army of the Cumberland. His brother George was a Confederate major general; his cousin Thomas T. was a Union brigadier general; his son John was killed at the Little Big Horn, Mont. In 1876 with Custer.
Palmer, John McA. (1817-1900) Union major general, commanded a division in the Army of the Cumberland. (listed in the newspaper article as dangerously wounded, but Palmer makes no mention of being wounded in his report of the battle.)
Van Cleve, Horatio P. (1809-1891) Union brigadier general, commanded a division in the Army of the Cumberland; Dec. 31, 1862 wounded at Stones River, Tenn.
Wood, Thomas (1823-1906) Union brigadier general, commanded a division in the Army of the Cumberland; Dec. 31, 1862 wounded in the heel at Stones River, Tenn.
McDonald, (probably pvt.) 4th U. S. Cavalry Rgt. orderly to MajGen. Rosecrans killed at Stones River.
Rosengarten, Adolph G. (spelled Rosegarten in article) major, 15th Pa. Cavalry Rgt. Dec. 29, 1862 killed at Stones River, Tenn.
Ward, Frank B., major, 15th Pa. Cavalry Rgt. Jan. 4, 1863 died of wounds received on Dec. 29, 1862 at Stones River, Tenn. buried in Allegheny Cemetery at Pittsburgh, Pa.
Elliott, Henry C. of Richmond or Newcastle, Ind., 1st lieutenant and adjutant, 57th Ind. Infantry Rgt. Dec. 29 or 30, 1862 severely wounded at Stone River, Tenn. later ltcol., 118th Ind. Infantry Rgt.
Johnson, Richard W. (spelled Johnston in the article) (1827-1897) Union brigadier general, commanded a division in the Army of the Cumberland.
Sill, Joshua W. (1831-1862) Union brigadier general, commanded a brigade in the Army of the Cumberland; Dec. 31, 1862 killed at Stones River, Tenn. Ft. Sill, Okla. is named in his honor.
Kirk, Edward N. (1828-1863) Union brigadier general, commanded a brigade in the Army of the Cumberland; July 21, 1863 died at Sterling, Ill. of wounds received on Dec. 31, 1862 at Stones River, Tenn. and buried in Rosehill Cemetery at Chicago, Ill.
Willich, August (1810-1878) Union brigadier general, commanded a brigade in the Army of the Cumberland; Dec. 31, 1862 captured at Stones River, Tenn.
Beatty, Samuel (1820-1885) colonel, 19th Ohio Infantry Rgt. commanded a brigade in the Army of the Cumberland; became the division commander when Van Cleve was wounded. (no apparent relation to Col. John Beatty of Ohio who also commanded a brigade at Stones River.)
Thomas, George H. (1816-1870) Union major general, commanded the Centre of the Army of the Cumberland.
Garesche, Julius P. (c.1820-1862) lieutenant colonel, assistant adjutant general, U. S. Army; from Nov. 13, 1862 chief of staff of the Army of the Cumberland; Dec. 31, 1862 killed at Stones River, Tenn. when his head was taken off by a shell.
Kirk, Lylan, lieutenant, Dec. 31, 1862 wounded (left arm shattered) at Stones River, Tenn. (unable to identify further/possibly Lt. Byron Kirby of the 6th U. S. Infantry Rgt. who was an aide to MajGen. W. S. Rosecrans and wounded on Dec. 31)
Richmond, sergeant, 4th U. S. Cavalry Rgt. killed at Stones River, Tenn. (unable to identify further)
Milliken, Miner (c. 1834-1862) colonel, 1st Ohio Cavalry Rgt. Dec. 31, 1862 killed at Stones River, Tenn. (First name spelled Minor in the Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio)
Hawkins, Joseph G. or S. (c. 1829-1862) colonel, 13th Ohio Infantry Rgt. Dec. 31, 1862 killed at Stones River, Tenn. and buried in the Stones River National Cemetery.
McKee, Samuel, colonel, 3rd Ky. Infantry Rgt. Dec. 31, 1862 killed at Stones River, Tenn.
McKee, David, lieutenant colonel, 15th Wis. Infantry Rgt. Dec. 31, 1862 killed at Stones River, Tenn.
Forman, James B., col., 15th Ky. Infantry Rgt. Dec. 31, 1862 killed at Stones River, Tenn.
Kell, John (1816-1862) col., 2nd Ohio Infantry Rgt. (listed as Col. Kit [unreadable]) Dec. 31, 1862 killed at Stones River, Tenn.
Shepherd, Oliver L. (1818-1894) lieutenant colonel, 18th U. S. Infantry Rgt. commanded a brigade in the Army of the Cumberland (incorrectly identified in the article as killed)
Carpenter, Stephen D. (c. 1818-1662) maj., 19th U. S. Infantry Rgt. Dec. 31, 1862 killed at Stones River, Tenn. (incorrectly identified in the article as serving with the 10th Regulars.) (West Point classmate of Union LtCol. O. L. Shepherd, Union MajGen. G. H. Thomas, Confederate MajGen. J. P. McCown and Confederate BrigGen. B. R. Johnson who were at Stones River)
Edgerton, capt., 1st Ohio Light Artillery Rgt. and his two lieutenants listed as killed in the article—Edgarton, Warren P. (born c. 1836), captain, Battery E, 1stt Ohio Light Artillery Rgt. captured at Stones River, Tenn.
Moody, col., 74th Ohio, wounded according to the newspaper article—Moody, Granville (1812-1887) colonel, 74th Ohio Infantry Rgt. Moody makes no mention of being wounded in his report of the battle.
Laraby, col., 99th Ohio—no such colonel in the 99th Ohio; Peter T. Swaine was the colonel of the 99th Ohio Infantry Rgt. and wounded at Stones River, Tenn.
King, John H. (1820-1888) maj., 15th U. S. Infantry Rgt. wounded at Stones River, Tenn.
Foot, major, 11th Regulars (unable to identify further; The 11th U. S. infantry Rgt. was not at Stones Rgt.)
Rieker, major, 11th Regulars (unable to identify further; The 11th U. S. infantry Rgt. was not at Stones Rgt.)
Slemmer, Adam J. (1829-1868) major, 16th U. S. Infantry Rgt. Dec. 31, 1862 wounded at Stones River, Tenn. (incorrectly listed in article as serving with the 11th Regulars)
Bell, Jacob B., captain, 15th U. S. Infantry Rgt. dec. 31, 1862 killed at Stones River, Tenn.
Wise, William W., captain, 15th U. S. Infantry Rgt. Jan. 3, 1863 died of wounds received on Dec. 31, 1862 at Stones River, Tenn.
Barry, Robert P., captain, 16th U. S. Infantry Rgt. severely wounded at Stones River, Tenn.
McDonnell, capt., 15th U. S. Infantry Rgt. (unable to identify further); may be 1stLt. Joseph McConnell of the 18th U. S. Infantry Rgt. severely wounded at Stones River, Tenn.
Power, John, first lieutenant and adjutant, 16th U. S. Infantry Rgt. severely wounded at Stones River, Tenn.
York, Joseph S., captain, 15th U. S. Infantry Rgt. slightly wounded at Stones River, Tenn.
McAllister, lieutenant, 15th Regulars (unable to identify further)
Townsend, Frederick, (spelled Townsen in the article), (1825-1897) maj., 18th U. S. Infantry Rgt. listed in the article as wounded at Stones River, Tenn. although he is not listed as wounded in LtCol. Shepherd’s report.
Long, Eli, capt., 4th U. S. Cavalry Rgt. Dec. Dec. 31, 1862 wounded at Stones River, Tenn.
Lt. McClellan, Miller, and Foster, 27th Ohio—unable to identify; the 27thh Ohio Infantry Rgt. was not at Stones River, Tenn.
Hardee, William J. (1815-1873) Confederate major general, commanded corps in the Army of Tennessee.
Cheatham Benjamin F. (1820-1886) Confederate major general, commanded a division in the Army of Tennessee. (listed incorrectly as killed in the article)
Johnston, Joseph (1807-1891) Confederate General, commanded the Western Department with headquarters at Jacoson, Miss. (listed in the article as present at Stones River which is incorrect.)
Stein, col., 101st Ohio killed—Stem, Leander, colonel, 101st Ohio Infantry Rgt. Jan. 4, 1863 died at Murfreesboro, Tenn. of wounds received on Dec. 31, 1862 at Stones River, Tenn.
Almonde, col., 21st Illinois killed—Alexander, John W. S., colonel, 21st Ill. Infantry Rgt. wounded on Dec. 31, 1862 at Stones River.
Roberts, col., 42nd Illinois killed—Roberts, George W. (1833-1862) colonel, 42nd Ill. Infantry Rgt. Dec. 31, 1862 killed at Stones River, Tenn.
Walker, col., 31st Ohio, Cavalry Brigade killed according to the newspaper article—Walker, Moses B. (1819-1895) colonel, 31st Ohio Infantry Rgt. and commanded a brigade in the Army of the Cumberland.
Harrington, col., 27th Illinois killed—Harrington, Fazillo A., colonel, 27th Ill. Infantry Rgt. Jan. 1, 1863 died of wounds at Stones River, Tenn.
Johnson, John, capt., 15th Wis. Killed—possibly Ingmundsen, John, captain, 15th Wis. Infantry Rgt. Dec. 30, 1862 killed at Stones River, Tenn.
Wooster, Moses F., ltcol., 101st Ohio Infantry Rgt. Jan. 2, 1863 died at Murfreesboro, Tenn. of wounds received on Dec. 31 at Stones River, Tenn. (listed as badly wounded but without a name in the article.)
Carlin, William P. (1829-1903) colonel, 38th Ill. Infantry Rgt. commanded a brigade in the Army of the Cumberland. (listed in the article incorrectly as wounded)
Mack, Oscar F. (c.1827-1876) capt., chief of artillery and acting inspector general on MajGen. G. H. Thomas’ staff; severely or mortally wounded according to the article—Mack, Oscar A., capt., 13th U. S. Infantry Rgt. and acting chief commissary to MajGen. G. H. Thomas according to Thomas’ report; dangerously wounded in the right hip and abdomen at Stones River, Tenn.
Douglass, Henry, (spelled Douglas in the article) capt., 18th U. S. Infantry Rgt. Dec. 31, 1862 wounded at Stones River, Tenn.
77th Pa. Infantry Rgt. was captured according to the newspaper article; the regiment actually lost five killed, 29 wounded and 29 missing, a total of 69 from 288 officers and men.
Sixth badly cutup—there was a 6th Indiana, 6th Ky., 6th Ohio and 6th Tenn. Infantry Rgt. at Stones River.
Anderson Troop, (a Philadelphia regiment) refers to the 15th Pa. Cavalry Rgt.
Wynkoop, John F., referred to as colonel commanding the Light Cavalry Brigade, was a major commanding the 7th Pa. Cavalry Rgt.
Stanley, David S. (1828-1902) Union major general, chief of cavalry of the Army of the Cumberland; listed in the article as seriously wounded in the leg; Stanley makes no mention of it in his report.
Rains, James E. (1833-1862) Confederate brigadier general commanded a brigade in the Army of Tennessee Dec. 31, 1862 killed at Stones River, Tenn.
Kimber, sergeant, killed—Sgt. William H. Kimber of the 15th Pa. Cavalry Rgt. Dec. 31, 1862 died at Nashville, Tenn. according to Pa. Civil War records.
Drake, Alexander killed—Pvt. Alexander S. Drake of the 15th Pa. Cavalry Rgt. Dec. 31, 1862 died at Nashville, Tenn. (according to Pa. Civil War records) and buried in Nashville’s National Cemetery.
Herring, F. killed—Pvt. Silas F. Herring of the 15th Pa. Cavalry Rgt. Dec. 29, 1862 killed at Stones River, Tenn. and buried in the National Cemetery at Nashville, Tenn.
Kendrick, A. R. killed—Pvt. Anthony R. Kintigh of the 15th Pa. Cavalry Rgt. Dec. 29, 1862 killed at Stones River, Tenn. and buried in the National Cemetery at Nashville, Tenn.
Chase, A. W. killed –Pvt. Richard W. Chase of the 15th Pa. Cavalry Rgt. Dec. 29, 1862 killed at Stones River, Tenn. and buried in the National Cemetery at Nashville, Tenn.
Bragg, Braxton (1817-1876) Confederate general, commanded the Army of Tennessee. (incorrectly reported killed in the article)
Miller, John F. (1831-1886) col., 29th Ind. Infantry Rgt. commanded a brigade in the Army of the Cumberland; slightly wounded at Stones River, Tenn.
Black, col., 40th Ind. slightly wounded—no such officer; probably Blake, John W., col., 40th Ind. Infantry Rgt. who according to the regimental report for Stones River, was drunk and placed under arrest by the brigade commander and replaced by LtCol. E. Neff. Blake was not wounded.
Neff, Elias, lieutenant colonel, 40th Ind. Infantry Rgt. slightly wounded at Stones River, Tenn.
Hill, Union colonel—possibly Hull, James W., col., 37th Ind. Infantry Rgt. wounded at Stones River, Tenn.
Pate, capt..—unable to identify.
Innis, William (1826-1893) colonel, 1st Mich. Mechanics and Engineers Rgt.
Wharton, John A. (1828-1865) (spelled Whraton in the article) Confederate brigadier general commanded a cavalry brigade in the Army of Tennessee; April 6, 1865 killed by Confederate BrigGen. Baylor at Houston, Texas.
Wheeler, Joseph (1836-1906) Confederate brigadier general, commanded a cavalry brigade in the Army of Tennessee.
Anderson, Union colonel (unable to identify—Col. Charles Anderson commanded the 93rd Ohio Infantry Rgt. and Col. Nicholas L. Anderson commanded the 6th Ohio Infantry Rgt. Both were wounded.)
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