THE BATTLE GROUND OF KINGS MOUNTAIN IN South Carolina
There never has been any uncertainty as to the actual location of the
ground on which the Battle of Kings Mountain was fought, but due to the
defects and limitations in early maps, the battle has frequently been described
as occurring in North Carolina. Many of the early maps show "King Mountain"
north of the boundary line, with none of the mountain symbols extending
into South Carolina. As a result the battle was accredited to North Carolina.
In 1772 a portion of the boundary between the two Carolinas was surveyed
from the Catawba River westwardly. The origin of this portion of the boundary
was the center of the junction of the Catawba and the South Fork of the
Catawba. From this junction the line was to run due west to the mountains
and there connect with the boundary of the Cherokee Nation.
The Price and Strother map, engraved in 1808, which purports to be "The
First Actual Survey of the State of North Carolina," shows the 1772 line
crossing the Broad River 1¼ miles south of the east and west line
through the junction of the Broad and the First Broad. This corresponds
with the distance on the Gaffney quadrangle of the United States Geological
Survey. By other checks of the 1772 line where it crosses streams, with
the United States Geological Survey of the line, it is evident that both
lines are one and the same.
On the Price and Strother map, and on all other maps subsequent to 1772
for many years, the boundary line from the junction of the branches of
the Catawba is shown as running due west. It was [Page 42] later discovered that due to magnetic errors the line was run north
of west. The United States Geological Survey maps show that this deviation
is about 2½º. The 1772 line has been resurveyed and confirmed,
but never has it been changed between the Catawba and the mountains, 68
miles west. The latitude of the 1772 line near its initial point is 35º
09' 01.5". An inspection of the Kings Mountain quadrangle will show that
the battle ground is much farther south, hence had the line been run due
west, as was intended, the battle ground would nevertheless he within the
borders of South Carolina.