The Intruders in Tennessee and Mississippi Territory
(This Memoranda from Thomas Jefferson to the President is dated March 1809. James Madison became
president 4 March 1809. -- The subject matter of the second paragraph of this Memoranda is not directly connected to the
Intruders, however it demonstrates Jeffersons interest in civilizing the Indian.)
Memoranda for the President
Information having been received in October last that many intruders had settled on the lands of the Cherokees
& Chickasaws, the letter from Genl Dearborne to
Colo Meigs was written to have them ordered off, & to inform them they
would be removed by military force in the spring if still on the lands, these orders still remain to be given, &
they should go to the officer commanding at Highwassee. a very discrete officer should be selected. on the Cherokee
lands, Waffords settlement should not be disturbed as the Indians themselves expect to arrange that with us, &
the exchange for lands beyond the Misipii will furnish a good opportunity for the lands of the Chickasaws all
should be removed except those settled on Doubleheads reserve under titles from him; & they should be notified
that those lands having been claimed by the Chickasaws as well as the Cherokees, purchased the Cherokee right
with the exception of Doubleheads reserve, which we did not guarantee to him, but left it as it stood under the
claims of both nations; that consequently they are not under our protection that whenever we purchase the Chickasaw
right, all their titles under Doublehead will become void; as our laws do not permit individuals to purchase lands
from the Indians: that they should therefore look out for themselves in time.
Genl Davidson & myself had concluded to purchase for the War
Departmt [blank] farm, near Detroit, now held by the Treasury
Office in satisfaction of a delinquency, provided it could be bought at its real value supposed about 1000
or 1200 D. to employ --- the --- house and appurtenances for a school for the instruction of the Indian boys
& girls in reading & learning English & household & mechanical arts under the care of Père Richard, to
place in the farm house a farmer (a laborer) of proper character to cultivate the farm with the aid of the Indian
lads for the support of the institution, and to place to place on the same land the blacksmith & carpenter, also
would have Indian apprentices under them. The advantages of assembling the whole at one place are obvious, father
Richard goes to France in the ---- to procure an aid if when he brings him, he could exchange him with Bishop
Carroll for an American, it would be infinitely more advisable.
Source : Library of Congress, American Memory, The Thomas Jefferson Papers.
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